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The Main Elections Survey of the LGBT Community 2022

Year: 2022


Authors: Dr. Sigal Goldin. Research team: Ido Rafael, Dan Ger, Dror Goldin, Noam Mizrahi.


Study purpose:

The study aimed to collect up-to-date data regarding LGBT political attitudes and perceptions. The survey examined, among other things, the following topics: political positions and the degree of importance attributed to various political issues, the degree of LGBT support for various parties, factors influencing voting patterns, and the degree of fear of harm to LGBT rights due to the elections.


Methodology:

The survey included 1,273 Israeli residents aged 18 and over with the right to vote. Distribution was conducted through social networks, community organizations, and accepted digital means of distribution. Participation in the survey was voluntary. Survey respondents, nationwide, represented a variety of gender and sexual identities, as well as a variety of sectors and sub-groups in Israeli society. The sample included 1,080 respondents, including 980 Jews and 100 Arabs, who answered all the survey questions and identified as LGBT. The questionnaire included 19 questions: 9 questions on demographic issues; 9 questions on political perceptions and positions including questions about voting; One open verbal question. The participants did not constitute a 'representative sample' of the LGBT population in Israel, as no assessment study had yet been conducted on the LGBT population and its characteristics. In the sample, LGBT people were underrepresented in the religious sector.


Findings and Conclusions:

The survey findings indicated a variety of political identifications among LGBT populations. 43% said they identified as "left," 20% as "center-left," 12% as "center," and 25% as "right" or "center-right".


It was also found that addressing LGBT rights in the party's platform significantly increased the chances of community members voting across the spectrum of political positions. On average, 92% of voters reported that including a reference to LGBT rights in the party's platform would increase the likelihood that they would vote for it. At the same time, there was a significant difference between right-wing and left-wing voters in the importance attributed to the inclusion of the issue in the party platform. The survey findings showed that the more political identification leaned to the right, the less importance was attributed to the issue in voting considerations.


Of the eight topics in the survey that examined the degree of importance of the subject for the individual (1=not at all, 7=very important), the three issues whose importance had the broadest consensus in the community were: (1) equal rights for sexual and gender minorities, (2) separation of church and state, and (3) reducing socioeconomic gaps.

An overwhelming majority (87%) of the survey participants indicated concern that their rights would be violated in the next Knesset. At the same time, it was found that the more right-wing the political outlook, the less fear of infringement of LGBT rights. Among those who identified with right-wing views, 48% feared that their rights would be violated, 46% were not afraid, and 5% did not know. Among those who identified with left-wing views, 95% feared that their rights would be violated, and only 4% were not. Another analysis indicated that most of those who feared infringement of their rights (72%) and identified with right-wing and center-right views, had not yet decided who to vote for at the time of the survey. Regarding the fear of harm to LGBT rights in the next Knesset, according to voting for parties, it emerged that 91% of voters for the Yesh Atid and State Camp parties feared that LGBT rights would be violated, a rate about three times higher than LGBT voters for Jewish Home, Likud, and Religious Zionism.


In terms of voting patterns and political identification, it emerged that while most LGBT people who identified with "right" and "center-right" views did actually vote for parties identified with these positions, there were also those who identified with "right" and "center-right" perceptions and voted for parties identified with the "left" (Labor and Meretz). In this context, some of the verbal responses in the survey indicated that some of the participants who identified with views of the "political right", but as LGBT people, they identified with views of the 'social left'. These voters felt compelled to "compromise" on choosing a party that represented them as LGBT, even though they did not identify with the party's positions on various political issues. An analysis of the qualitative data showed that members of this group experienced, in various ways, tension between the LGBT self and the political self. Two main experiences that emerged from the data were: "fragmentation experience" and "conflict experience." The first existed when the 'political self' was experienced as separate, and often more important than the 'LGBT self'. The second experience occurred when the 'political self' was actively experienced as opposing or competing with the 'LGBT self'.

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